The Biblical Odes (also called canticles) are nine hymns that are taken directly from Scripture. They are chanted at Matins and form the basis of the canon, a major component of Matins. They are:
- The (First) Song of Moses (Exodus 15:1-19)
- The (Second) Song of Moses (Deuteronomy 32:1-43)
- The Prayer of Hannah (1 Samuel 2:1-10)
- The Prayer of Habakkuk (Habakkuk 3:1-19)
- The Prayer of Isaiah (Isaiah 26:9-20)
- The Prayer of Jonah (Jonah 2:2-9)
- The Prayer of the Three Holy Children (Daniel 3:26-56])*
- The Song of the Three Holy Children (Daniel 3:57-88)*
- The Song of the Theotokos (the Magnificat, Luke 1:46-55); the Song of Zacharias (the Benedictus, Luke 1:68-79)
Originally, these odes were chanted in their entirety every day, with a short refrain inserted between each verse.
In many daily and festal services a canon is sung, consisting of verses referring to the nine Biblical Odes. During Great Lent, the original Odes are read at Matins.
*In many Protestant versions of the Bible, this is found separately in the Apocrypha.